Une étude empirique de l’Université d’Oxford compare et critique les conditions d’accueil des demandeurs d’asile entre Toronto et Genève. L’étude montre aussi que la Suisse doit améliorer celles-ci pour une meilleure coopération de la part des demandeurs d’asile et une meilleure acceptation des décisions, parce que les conditions d’accueil influent sur la confiance des demandeurs dans la procédure d’asile.
Un extrait à propos des conditions d’accueil à Genève :
« The first author visited one bunker with the approval of the authorities, and found the living conditions substandard. Residents slept in dormitory-style accommodation, with no natural light or ventilation. Many complained of respiratory, sleep and other health problems. While they were free to come and go as they pleased, some residents reported that they rarely left the bunker, as they feared police questioning about their migration status. While some were facing removal, others reported that they had asylum appeals pending. Residents generally expressed despair at their living conditions:
‘It’s like hell. If you want to talk to your family you can’t. Even when you are breathing you don’t have the fresh air. You must get oxygen. I think there are side effects. We got doctor in, he said no problem. But I know it is a problem because no oxygen is not good for the body. You are to maybe take six hours of fresh air. Inside smelling, everywhere is smelling.’ (West African asylum seeker, M)
‘This underground is giving too much people problem. This underground here, even white people, Switzerland, their dog can’t live here. The animal, it can’t live here.’ (West African asylum seeker, M) »
Pour lire le rapport complet, cliquez ici.